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[Frama-c-discuss] ACSL, globals and ghosts

  • Subject: [Frama-c-discuss] ACSL, globals and ghosts
  • From: virgile.prevosto at (Virgile Prevosto)
  • Date: Fri, 9 Aug 2013 13:08:23 +0200
  • In-reply-to: <20130809093949.GA5295@damazan>
  • References: <20130809093949.GA5295@damazan>

Hello Pierre-Lo?c,

2013/8/9 Pierre-Lo?c Garoche <Pierre-Loic.Garoche at>:
> How do global variables interact with contracts? When used in ensures, it seems
> that the global variable appear as a typed free variable. No knwoledge at all
> about its value, even when it is just a constant. For example, the following
> ensures is not proved automatically.
> int x = 0;
> /*@ requires y >= 0;
>   @ ensures \result > x;
>   @*/
> int f(int y) { return y +1; }

Well, we don't have any information about the value of x when entering
function f: it can very well be modified between initialization and
call site. Admittedly, if x was declared const int, it could be said
to be 0, but since this is can easily be defeated by a cast, we chose
not to rely on it in Frama-C.
On the other hand, if you explicitly say that f is the main entry
point of your program, then we know that in the pre-state x is 0, and
the ensures is easily discharged, as you can see with frama-c -wp
-main f file.c

> * Additional ghost field in a struct
> The manuel mentions ghost fields: If a structure has ghost fields, the sizeof of
> the structure is the same has the structure without ghost fields. Also,
> alignment of fields remains unchanged
> However, it doesn't seems accepted by the Fluorine (June release) and it is not
> colored in red in the ACSL implementation document.
This is a bug in the implementation notes. Thanks for having reported it.

Best regards,
E tutto per oggi, a la prossima volta