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[Frama-c-discuss] Problem with real division

> /*@ lemma div1 : \forall real x; x > 0 ==> 1.0/x > 0;
>    lemma add1:  \forall real x,y; x > 0 && y > 0 ==> x+y > 0;
> */
> /*@ requires R1 > 0 && R2 > 0;
>    ensures \result > 0;
> */
> double R_ges(double R1, double R2)
> {
>  return 1.0/( 1.0/R1 + 1.0/R2 );
> }

If what you want to verify is the program, with its floating-point
operations, and not a model of the program where the computations
are made with reals, it's going to be rather difficult.

The lemma div1 is true with finite doubles, but for entirely different  
than make it true for reals. It wouldn't be true with 1e-16 for the  
instead of 1.0.

If your objective is to ensure that R_ges does not return +infinity,
then proving that the divisor is >0 is not enough.

Whether you are interested in computations on doubles or on reals,
you would have better chances with the tool Gappa,
which does not analyze C programs but understand both
real and floating-point arithmetic and is able to provide powerful
results on floating-point computations.


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