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[Frama-c-discuss] Jessie plugin - more than 6, 000 VCs generated

  • Subject: [Frama-c-discuss] Jessie plugin - more than 6, 000 VCs generated
  • From: Claude.Marche at (Claude Marché)
  • Date: Thu, 17 Oct 2013 09:21:25 +0200
  • In-reply-to: <>
  • References: <> <>

Le 17/10/2013 08:27, David MENTRE a ?crit :
> Hello Nanci,
> 2013/10/16 Nanci Naomi <nnarai at>:
>> We simplified the code a little and are sending you an example with similar
>> struct type variable and if statements. This example generated more than
>> 2,000 VCs.
>> Why are generated so many VCs?
> Because you have you have a _sequence_ of independent "if". After the
> first if, you have 2 sets of VCs (first if taken or not), after the
> second if, 4 sets of VCs (first if taken and second if not taken,
> first if taken and second if taken, ...), 8 sets after the 3rd if, and
> so on with exponential growth.

This is too optimistic: tests of the form

if (c1 && c2) { i };

generate not 2 but 3 branch in the control flow, because if the lazy
evaluation of &&.

Since you have 7 such piece of code in sequence, you have 3^7 branches,
a bit more than 2,000, explaining the 2,000 VCs

>> We tried to run with the -jessie-why-opt="-fast-wp" option, but it does not
>> seem to work in the Fluorine version, because the number of VCs did not
>> decrease.
>> Is there another option and/or solution?

this option works only if you use Why2 VCgen and not Why3.

> There are algorithms changing the way VC are generated, generating
> less numerous but at the same time more complicated VCs. Why2 has this
> algorithm. Why3 should have it now (at least in the latest development
> branch). Now I don't know if -jessie-why-opt="-fast-wp" should
> activate this algorithm or not in your configuration. I let experts
> respond to this part.

There is on-going development of a fast-wp algorithm in Why3, but not
yet available.

> Best regards,
> david
> _______________________________________________
> Frama-c-discuss mailing list
> Frama-c-discuss at

Claude March?                          | tel: +33 1 72 92 59 69
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